Want to change up your beauty routine or looking for the latest in beauty products? Our Beauty Q&A offers beauty tips and beauty advice on hair, skincare, makeup, and nails. Learn about natural skincare and skincare products. Our most upvoted answers posted from our Quora page.

What foods moisturize skin?

Healthy skin relies on essential fatty acids (EFAs) & polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) which are unsaturated fats that our bodies don’t naturally produce, but are necessary for us to stay healthy and keep our skin beautiful. These EFA’s include linoleic acid, and linolenic acid, which are found in cold-pressed oils, seeds, cold-water fish, and other sources. Fatty fish like salmon, sardines, mackerel, tuna, are rich in essential fatty acids and Omega-3s. Other great sources for skincare and health benefits include flax seeds, chia seeds, avocados and olive oil.

Under the Skin

When we age, skin cells become thinner and less elastic. The barrier function of the skin is decreased and moisture is allowed to leave the skin causing it to become dry. The skin cell membrane also affects the ability of the cell to stay hydrated and regenerate. Omega -3 fatty acids help by enforcing the skin cell membrane to hold on to water, keeping the skin moist and soft.

Your diet should also contain other essential nutrients and antioxidants to help slow the aging process. Super foods like blueberries, strawberries and Grape seed extracts or oils are full of polyphenols and work in a variety of ways to nourish and strengthen the skin. They are rich in flavones which have an anti-inflammatory effect, making them a popular anti-aging food and play a role in the longevity of cells. They also aid by protecting the skin from sun damage, removing dead cells and improving the condition of the skins collagen and elastin to leave a firm youthful appearance. Oranges and fruits rich in vitamin C also improve blood microcirculation, effectively nourishing the cells with oxygen and nutrients while removing wastes from the tissue.

How To Get Smooth, Clear Skin

Structure balance

Collagen is a protein present in all the body’s organs and tissues however as we get older our body’s collagen production reduces which can result in an increase of wrinkles and fine lines and a decrease in the suppleness of the skin. The main function of collagen is to provide integrity, firmness and elasticity to sustain tendons, skin and cartilage. As we age the number of dermal fibroblasts which produce collagen, elastin, hyaluronic acid, and other substances filling the skin layer decrease leading to the loss of dermal collagen. A number of studies show nutritional supplementation of collagen improves skin health and appearance tremendously but with so many supplement brands and types of collagen on the market, finding a trusted source can be challenging. Home cooked soup stock made with whole chickens and beef bones are a great natural source for collagen and much better tasting.

Everyone knows how important it is to drink plenty of water but about 20 percent of our daily water needs come from fruits, vegetables, meats, and other foods. Add a fruit plate daily with a side of yogurt and a cup of herbal tea in the evening to take in the added water plus beneficial antioxidants.

What's the cause of under eye dark circles and what treatments can help?

Heredity and age are major causes as the tissue underneath the eyes loose elasticity and our circulatory system slows down as we sleep, leaving excess fluid beneath the eyes. Bags appear under the eyes and sag them down, wrinkles crease the skin and dark circles emphasize the eyes in an unsightly way resulting in a stressed and tired look. The skin around the eye is thinner, extremely delicate and much more sensitive to environmental stresses such as the sun and pollution causing breaks in the essential elements of the skin matrix. The eye area is one of the most important aspects of a person’s attractiveness and is typically under nourished without the use of a specialty cream during daily regimens.

Age related Glycation is a huge factor responsible for signs of skin fatigue, and significantly ages the eyes coupled with other factors like a lack of sleep, stress and dehydration. Your daily routine should include a product that focuses on an anti-glycation effect to help tighten and protect the delicate skin around the eyes and restore a more youthful appearance.

Just like the rest of the face it all starts with a great cleanser. It’s important to keep the necessary oils in the skin so your daily cleanser should be mild enough to remove dirt and makeup without disrupting moisture balance. Use a cleanser fortified with ingredients that add vitamins, botanicals and oils to help lock in your healthy moisture level. Don’t forget to wash your face before bedtime and you may what to add the help of a vitamin C serum to fight against oxidative stress, brighten dark spots and renew collagen before bed.

Modern skincare has come a long way with innovative products that can help target problem areas by infusing ingredients and concentrated extracts into creams and serums resulting in comprehensive eye treatments that are safe and easy to apply. Products containing Cucumber and or Seaweed will have a comforting feel and delicate texture. Lock in moisture by using a quality cream with Hyaluronic Acid and ingredients that introduce natural moisturizers back into the skin with antioxidant, nourishing and skin conditioning properties. They rub easily into the sensitive eye area and will be absorbed much better and evenly, delivering a youthful boost of vitality and radiance back into your appearance.

Other ingredients that specifically target the eyes.

Asteraceae Siegesbeckia Orientalis known as eastern St Paul’s-wort and common St. Paul’s wort, is a species of plant used for years in traditional medicine. Extracts from this plant contain an active compound called Darutoside. Darutoside strongly stimulates collagen and elastin synthesis to help support and strengthen the skin. This improves epidermal integrity, maintaining the duration of skin elasticity and tightness around the eyes. It also has the added benefit of reducing pigment accumulation and fading dark circles, decreasing the appearance of fatigue.

Persian Silk Tree Extract counteracts sagging, helps tighten and protect the delicate skin around the eye from the degrading effects of glycation. Persian Silk Tree extract is known for its ability to protect the skin cells and also helps counteract the sagging effect of droopy eyelids.

What keeps your skin clean and moist?

The proper balance of Cleansing & Moisturizing

You need to start by gently removing dirt, excess oil, makeup and other impurities without disrupting the natural moisture balance of the skin.

A twice a day face wash routine is a must but using the same cleanser morning and night may not be right for your skin or lifestyle. Skin types that are over oily or people that are very active may opt for an AHA foaming cleanser in the evening to break down excess dirt and oil residue on the skin while leaving the skin nourished and calm as it also works as a mild exfoliate. A morning cleanser rich in Vitamin A, C, E, F, and essential fatty acids can help maintain the skin’s natural pH balance, lift dirt and impurities from the skin pores and refresh the skin with regenerative benefits to prevent dryness throughout the day.

How To Get Smooth, Clear Skin

How To Get Smooth, Clear Skin

Dirty and Oily skin doesn’t always mean scrub harder; over scrubbing can cause micro-tears in the skin and lead to inflammation, redness, dryness or a rough texture. Adding a weekly gentle scrub containing activated charcoal will help absorb more of the oils while cleaning the pores.

On a clean face, apply a good moisturizing cream with proven ingredients like Squalane that introduce natural moisturizers back into the skin with antioxidant, nourishing and skin conditioning properties. Hyaluronic Acid is a fantastic moisturizing substance that attracts water molecules from the surrounding air and locks them into the skin on the epidermal level and also helps by hydrating and healing the protective barrier of the skin.

What are the benefits of using olive oil on the skin?

Olive oil has been used for its beauty benefits on skin and in hair for centuries. It’s a fantastic moisturizer full of essential anti-aging properties, vitamins A & E and polyphenols, helping to protect the skin and neutralize free radicals. Olive oil in moderation can also help break down dirt and makeup while leaving the skin nourished and calm. Adding a few tablespoons in a bath is the easiest way to soothe the entire body and enjoy a quick inexpensive home spa treatment.

However, too much of a good thing can have negative results since Olive Oil is relatively thick in consistency and difficult for the skin to absorb completely. Over applying can form a layer on the skin and trap dust and sebum which can lead to an oily complexion, acne, pimples and black heads. Problematic or sensitive skin types may also find Olive Oil can leave the skin dry as it disrupts the natural moisturizers in the skin. Redness or allergic reactions are also possible.

Modern skincare products realize the benefits of Olive Oil as an ingredient and utilize the active Squalane in formulations. Naturally extracted from the olive plant, Squalane is easy to absorb and rich with antioxidant, moisturizing and skin conditioning properties. It’s also a key regenerative active for skin in order to boost new cell turnover. Squalane is often infused into anti-aging products and moisturizing creams containing other ingredients like Hyaluronic Acid to lock in moisture and enhance the benefits while maintaining proper skin balance. When the skin experiences moisture and balance, it is able to regenerate new cells and counteract the aging effects of dry skin.

How do I get super-clear skin?

Choose the right product for the right job… It all starts with a great cleanser that’s correct for your skin type. You need to gently remove dirt, excess oil, makeup and other impurities without disrupting the moisture balance, leaving the skin nourished and rejuvenated.

Dirty and Oily skin doesn’t always mean scrub harder; a gentle scrub containing activated charcoal would be a better choice to help absorb more of the oils while cleaning the pores. BHAs (beta hydroxy acids), specifically salicylic acid derived from the Willow Bark Tree are typically great for oily, acne prone skin. Good BHA products including scrubs and overnight masks penetrate slightly deeper and break through oils going into the pores, helping treat blackheads and whiteheads. They also have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that help prevent newer breakouts from forming.

Glycolic Acid derived from Sugar Cane, is an amazing ingredient and excellent for oily and problematic skin types. A mild AHA foaming cleanser is essential to break down dirt and oil residue on the skin while leaving the skin nourished and calm. Glycolic Acid is the smallest Alpha Hydroxy Acid in molecular size allowing it to quickly penetrate the first layer of skin and regenerate new skin cells at an accelerated pace.

Once the skin is clean, lock in moisture by using a quality cream with Hyaluronic Acid and other ingredients to introduce natural moisturizers back into the skin with protective antioxidant and nourishing skin conditioning properties. When the skin experiences moisture and balance, it is able to regenerate new cells and help counteract aging effects, problematic skin types, hyperpigmentation, and dry skin.

Below are a few links to specific articles that address each of the key areas in more detail.

Great skin Starts with a Great Cleanser

Understanding Exfoliates

What is a good moisturizer?

More Tips and our Beauty Blog Here

Remember – Cleanse, Moisturize & Rejuvenate

What is the difference between chemical exfoliation and physical exfoliation?

Understanding Exfoliates… Physical vs. Chemical

Physical exfoliates consist of products like brushes, sponges and scrubs derived from a number of different ingredients such as stones, nuts, sugar or pumice. The functions of these products are to physically scrub old, dry and dead skin cells from the stratum corneum, which is the top or outermost layer of the epidermis.

Physical exfoliates can leave the skin feeling incredibly soft and polished however they should be handled with care. Scrubs or brushes may have large particles or bristles that can cause micro-tears in the skin and lead to inflammation, dryness or a rough texture. Problem skins that are prone to redness or acne may also react to the harsh friction of a physical exfoliant and can lead to additional irritation.

The right product for the right job is key… as an example, Dirty and Oily skin doesn’t always mean scrub harder; a gentle scrub containing activated charcoal would be a better choice to help absorb more of the oils while cleaning the pores.

Summer skin care

Chemical exfoliates (Alpha Hydroxy Acids or Beta Hydroxy Acids) and enzymes which include fruit acids, salicylic acid, and lactic acids dissolve the glue and dead tissue that hold old skin cells in place. These products work by themselves (without scrubbing) to help the skin speed up its cell turnover to reveal a fresh layer of tissue. Chemical exfoliants have also shown that over time they can aid with hyperpigmentation, helping repair sun damage, fading fine lines and wrinkles, and acne more than physical exfoliants.

Like the scrubs, you need to use the correct product for each skin type. BHAs (beta hydroxy acids), specifically salicylic acid derived from the Willow Bark Tree are typically great for oily, acne prone skin. Good BHA products penetrate slightly deeper and break through oils going into the pores, helping treat blackheads and whiteheads. They also have anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties that help prevent newer breakouts from forming.

Products like overnight masks that use fruit enzymes as the exfoliate are perfect for most combination skin types since they are gentle enough to not damage drier skin while still providing a fresh glow. Also, aging skin does not turnover as quickly as younger skin so it’s important to use the correct product as you get older and increase how often you exfoliate. Products containing glycolic acid will gently but effectively remove those dull skin cells and can be used two times per week.

One of the most important things, especially if you have dry skin, is to follow up after your exfoliant with a good moisturizer. Whichever product or method you choose, the key to younger looking, healthy skin is keeping the proper balance of moisture and regulating cell turnover.

How do models keep their skin so clear?

Clear skin starts with a great cleanser.

Ideally your face wash provides a thorough cleansing without disrupting the moisture balance by gently removing dirt, excess oil, makeup and other impurities while delivering nutrients to maintain healthy skin.

Striking a balance between removing dirt and regenerating lost skin cells.

Cleansers today are formulated to maintain the skin’s natural pH balance, with a deep wash that lifts dirt and impurities from the skin pores, while delivering regenerative benefits. Products rich in Vitamin A, C, E, F, and essential fatty acids also work to influence collagen growth which helps to reduce wrinkles and restore a firmer, smoother and younger looking appearance.

Use products that also contain a blend of citrus and botanical extracts that are infused into the cleansers to sooth the skin and promote a healthy moisture level. Ingredients like Rose Hip Seed Oil offer extensive benefits to the rejuvenation process and maintain the health of your skin. Rose Hip Seed Oil is rich in Vitamin C and may also help to brighten areas of scarring and hyperpigmentation on the skin to reveal an overall even complexion. Olive oil as an ingredient breaks down dirt and oil residue on the skin while leaving the skin nourished and calm. Citrus Grapefruit Extract for example is very high in antioxidants and works to help protect the skin from environmental damage and defend the skin from further reactions to bacteria.

Rose Hip Seed Oil

AHA (Alpha Hydroxy Acid) Foaming Cleansers have increased in popularity due to their wide range of benefits for all skin types by dispensing just the right balance of exfoliating actives to gently cleanse the skin while removing dirt, makeup, and oil. A mild AHA foaming cleanser is essential to break down dirt and oil residue on the skin while leaving the skin nourished and rejuvenated.

Does hyaluronic acid work on dehydrated, but oily, skin?

Hyaluronic Acid on its own may not be enough. Dehydrated but oily skin may also need a cleanser with Alpha Hydroxy Acids which are a group of natural acids found in various foods. When the skin experiences moisture and balance, it is able to regenerate new cells and counteract the aging effects of dry skin.

The breakdown…

Glycolic Acid is the smallest Alpha Hydroxy Acid in molecular size allowing it to quickly penetrate the first layer of skin and regenerate new skin cells at an accelerated pace. Glycolic Acid derived from Sugar Cane, is an amazing ingredient and excellent for oily and problematic skin types. A mild AHA foaming cleanser is essential to break down dirt and oil residue on the skin while leaving the skin nourished and calm.

On a clean face, Hyaluronic Acid is a fantastic moisturizing substance that attracts water molecules from the surrounding air and locks them into the skin. Hyaluronic Acid works on the epidermal level where it supplements the water loss and helps restore the skin’s natural cell regenerative qualities and offers a more substantial protective purpose, hydrating and healing the protective barrier of the skin.

Glycolic Acid derived from Sugar Cane

How do you keep your skin youthful, soft, smooth and unblemished?

The most noticeable and common signs of aging are the fine lines and deep creases caused by years of repeated facial expressions and exposure to the elements while coupled with decreased cell turnover and diminished collagen production. In our youth, essential nutrients are naturally produced in the skin to maintain enzyme reactions that are necessary for regulating cell turnover and moisture. The activity of antioxidant enzymes within the skin is directly dependent on the availability of these trace elements. Deficiencies in these essential nutrients lead to thinning, fragile, dry skin and loss of the skins elasticity.

Add a quality cream or serum to your daily routine that delivers a combination of biomimetic peptides, neuropeptides, and oligo elements to help renew the skin. By providing these crucial elements through the regular application of a good Anti-Aging Serum, and moisturizer the skin restores a percentage of its youthful structure, strength, and glow. Also a mild AHA cleanser is the perfect daily alternative for a physical exfoliating scrub to achieve the look of regenerated and more clear, radiant skin.

Stay Hydrated inside and out, your face will be the first to show signs of dehydration.

Everyone knows how important it is to drink plenty of water in the summer months so bring an extra bottle of water with you everywhere and have a cup of herbal tea every evening. The extra cup of fluid every evening will help your skins elasticity plus it’s a wonderful way to de-stress at the end of the day. About 20 percent of our daily water needs come from fruits, vegetables, meats, and other foods so add a fruit plate daily with a side of yogurt and take in the added water plus antioxidants.

Which skin layer is exfoliated by microdermabrasion?

Most of the topical products like Fruit acid gels, exfoliating creams or glycolic cleansers target the dead, dry or damaged skin of the stratum corneum, which is the top or outermost layer of the epidermis.

Dermarollers with needles 3mm or less also target this layer and can be easily used at home in a weekly skincare regiment to supplement other mild exfoliating products.

Products with a higher fruit or lactic acid concentration, chemical peels or processes such as micro needling that target deeper layers should always be done by a licensed professional.

What is a good moisturizer that will keep my skin hydrated throughout the day?

Well-moisturized skin is one of the most important secrets to achieving and maintaining younger looking skin. One of the primary causes of premature aging is dry or unbalanced skin so finding a great moisturizer vs using any old cream should not be taken lightly. The market is flooded with products that claim to be moisturizers but it’s worth your time to understand the different types and to find a quality brand.

Look for a daily product that contains proven ingredients like Hyaluronic Acid to lock in moisture and ingredients that introduce natural moisturizers into the skin when applied like Squalane.

The breakdown…

Hyaluronic Acid is the key ingredient for its outstanding moisture retention and collagen boosting benefits. Hyaluronic Acid pulls natural moisture from the environment to secure moisture balance for the skin and reveal a firmer, more youthful complexion. It works on the epidermal level and offers a more substantial protective purpose, hydrating and healing the protective barrier of the skin. This provides a smoother surface and softer feel, for a healthier appearance and more youthful complexion.

Squalane is a natural Olive extraction with antioxidant, moisturizing and skin conditioning properties and acts as a regenerative active for skin in order to boost new cell turnover when applied to the skin.

Is it possible to reverse skin damage due to sun exposure, if you're in your 20s? If yes, then how?

Everything depends on the severity of your exposure however her are a few tip to get you through the summer.

Night time is the right time for sun protection!

A serious bedtime treatment regimen is critical to help repair skin stressed by free radicals produced by the suns UV rays. During sleep, your body can undo some damage from your fun in the sun with the help of a vitamin C serum to fight against oxidative stress, brighten dark spots and renew collagen before bed. If you use both a cream and a serum, put the serum on first, allow it to sink in, and then slather on the cream with both hands.

Exfoliate your skin

Whether you’re over 40 or in your early 20’s, use a good exfoliator and or dermaroller. Use it gently, though, far too many women overdue this process and end up lobster red before ever hitting the beach.

Once you’re done exfoliating, rub on some lotion so that you can give your skin some much-needed moisture. Combination products with SPF are fine but I always recommend products that are specifically made with a purpose. I like moisturizers that do exactly that… moisturize and hydrate the skin since that is one of the most important areas to prevent sun damage and dry skin. Follow up with a spray on UV blocking SPF for even coverage and easy application.

Use a mild cleanser

It’s important to keep the necessary oils in the skin as the heat turns up so your cleanser should be mild enough to remove dirt and makeup without disrupting moisture balance. Use a cleanser fortified with ingredients that add vitamins, botanicals and oils to help lock in your healthy moisture level.

Masks’

If you’re planning to spend a weekend or more on the sand get ready and recover by using a mask two to three times a week on the face, neck, and chest areas. They are perfect right after exfoliating and before moisturizing, essential for a weekly skin care regimen not to mention they are luxurious and feel amazing.

Hope this helps…enjoy the summer!